Historians left accounts which lead us to believe that – due to the medicinal properties of its waters, the “Cotton Castle” was considered the ‘pearl’ of spa tourism by the ancient Greeks and the Roman emperors. The name of Pamukkale, meaning “Cotton Castle”, is a coinage of national folklore, rather than a logical explanation of the natural phenomenon. The locals might tell you stories about ancient giants drying their cotton harvest on the steep hill slopes and the shallow terrace-like formations, yet, you won’t find any cotton fields in the region. Instead, scarlet oleanders picturesquely stand out. A number of historical artifacts from the Roman town’s glory days survive to this day: The St. Philip Martyrium, The Temple of Apollo, The Gate of Domitian, The Necropolis. Part of the public baths has been turned into a museum housing a collection of statues, jewellery and medical instruments. The baths consisted of three different chambers with grading temperature, which the ancient people used consecutively to bathe in. The most intact building that has survived today is the Roman Theatre with 10,000 seats, whose statues, sculptures and bas-reliefs are among the best-preserved theatre ornaments in Turkey.